The report says 64 percent of wetlands have been degraded since 1900 and degradation continues to be alarming. This is really a great concern because wetlands are essential and important to life. However, the role of wetlands is still under-estimated, and its degradation, which in part contributes to rapid decline and loss.
Wetlands account for only 0.75% of world fresh water but directly provide water for human activities. It is estimated that around 2 billion people will not have access to guaranteed water by 2025.
Wetlands can filter toxic substances
80% of wastewater discharged directly into the natural environment without treatment. Plants and animals living in wetlands can filter out harmful substances from the water.
Wetlands store carbon
Wetland humus alone holds 30% of the carbon in the soil. By doubling the amount of carbon stored in forests, this can help combat the effects of climate change.
Wetlands are a reserve area for disaster mitigation
Wetlands are the buffer zones that minimize negative impacts in extreme weather conditions. They store rainwater, overflowing water when rainstorms help reduce floods and support water supply when drought.
Wetlands are an area of biodiversity
Wetlands are the habitat of more than 100,000 species.
Wetlands ensure the supply of food
Wetlands are an important environment for providing food, water for agricultural production such as fish, food crops.
Wetlands create livelihoods
Wetlands have the potential to provide livelihoods for some 61.8 million people who are directly benefiting from aquatic resources and water services.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental convention that provides a framework for the conservation and use of wetlands and rational resources. The Ramsar Convention was adopted in Iran's Ramsar City in 1971. Since then, 169 countries and nearly 90% of the UN members have signed and pledged to implement the Convention, including Vietnam. .
Accordingly, the Contracting Parties undertake: Efforts towards the wise use of all wetlands; Designation of wetlands considered to be of high value to the country and the world to be included in the Ramsar Sites list of internationally important wetlands and to ensure effective management; Implement international cooperation on transboundary wetlands, share and protect wetland systems and species living in the area.